The battle of Gettysburg (July 1-3, 1863) was the most important struggle of the Civil War. After three days of fighting, Gen. George Meade's Army of the Potomac defeated Gen. Robert E. Lee's Army of Northern Virginia. Following his defeat, Lee retreated out of Pennsylvania back into Virginia. The battle cost both armies 50,000 casualties and is often referred to as "the high tide of the Confederacy." Four months later in November 1863, Abraham Lincoln gave his immortal Gettysburg Address at the dedication ceremonies of the National Cemetery on the battlefield.

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  • Abraham Lincoln by Phil Hamilton

    Abraham Lincoln remains one of the most important figures in American history for his presidential leadership during the crisis of the Civil War. Born in 1807 in slaveholding Kentucky, Lincoln moved at the age of eight to the free state…

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